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Exodus is the record of Israel’s birth as a nation. Exodus begins with “Now” to show it as a continuation of Genesis. In Greek Exodus means “Exit”, “departure,” or “going out.” The Septuagint describes the book by the event in Exodus 19:1-6 which reads
In the third month after the children of Israel had gone out of the land of Egypt, on the same day, came to see the Wilderness of Sinai.
For they had departed from Rephidim, had come to the Wilderness of Sinai, and camped in the wilderness. So Israel camped there before the mountain.
And Moss went up to God, and the LORD called to him from the mountain, saying, “Thus you shall say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel;
‘You have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and how I bore you on eagles ‘s wings and brought you to Myself.
‘Now therefore, if you will indeed obey my voice and keep My covenant, then you shall be a special treasure to me above all people; for all the earth is Mine.
‘And you shall be to Me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.’ These are the words which you shall speak to the children of Israel.”
Numbers 33:15 The departed from the Rephidim and camped in the Wilderness of Sinai.
Exodus 17:1-7 Then all the congregation of the children of Israel set out on their journey form the Wilderness of Sin, according to the commandment of the LORD, and camped in Rephidim; but there was no water for the people to drink.
Therefore the people contended with Moses, and said, “Give us water, that we may drink.” So Moses said to them, “Why do you contend with me? Why do you tempt the LORD?”
And the people thirsted there for water, and the people complained against Moses, and said, “Why is it you have brought us up out of Egypt, to kill us and our children and our livestock with thirst?”
So Moses cried out to the LORD, saying, “What shall I do with this people? They are almost ready to stone me!”
And the LORD said to Moses, “Go on before the people, and take with you some of the elders of Israel. Also take in your hand your rod with which you struck the river and go.
“Behold, I will stand before you there on the rock in Horeb; and you shall strike the rock, and water will come out of it, that the people may drink.” And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel.
So he called the name of the place Massah and Meribah, because of the contention of the children of Israel, and because they tempted the LORD, saying, “Is the LORD among us or not?”
Exodus 18:2-5 Then Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law, took Zipporah, Moses’ wife, after he had sent her back,
with her two sons, of whom the name of one was Gershom (for he said, “I have been a stranger in a foreign land”)
and the name of the other was Eliezer (for he said, “The God of my father was my help, and delivered me from the sword of Pharoah”);
and Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law, came with his sons and his wife to Moses in the wilderness, where he was encamped at the mountain of God.
Acts 7:37-40 “This is that Moses who said to the children of Israel, ‘The LORD your God will raise up for you a Prophet like me from your brethren. Him you shall hear.’
“This is he who was in the congregation in the wilderness with the Angel who spoke to him on Mount Sinai, and with our fathers, the one who received the living oracles to give to us,
“whom our fathers would not obey, bur rejected. And in their hearts they turned back to Egypt,
“saying to Aaron, ‘Make us gods to go before us; as for this Moses who brought us out of the land of Egypt, we do not know what has become of him.”
Deuteronomy 29:1-3 These are the words of the covenant which the LORD commanded Moses to make with the children of Israel in the land of Moab, besides the covenant which he made with them in Horeb.
Now Moses called all Israel and said to them; “You have seen all that the LORD did before you eyes in the land of Egypt, to Pharaoh and to all his servants and to all his land–
“the great trails which your eyes have seen, the signs, and those great wonders.
Isaiah 63:8-9 For He said, “Surely they are My people, Children who will not lie.” So He became their Savior.
In all their affliction he was afflicted, And the Angel of His Presence saved them; In His love and in His pity He redeemed them; And He bore them and carried them All the days of old.
Psalm 135:4 For the LORD has chosen Jacob for Himself, Israel for His special treasure.
Luke 9:28-31 Now it came to pass, about eight days after these saying, that he took Peter, John, and James and went up on the mountain to pray.
As He prayed, the appearance of His face was altered, and His robe became white and glistening.
And behold, two men talked with Him, who were Moses and Elijah,
who appeared in glory and spoke of His decease which he was about to accomplish at Jerusalem.
2 Peter 1:12-15 For this reason I will not be negligent to remind you always of these things, though you know and are established in the present truth.
Yes, I think it is right, as long as I am in this tent, to stir you up by reminding you,
knowing that shortly I must put off my tent, just as out Lord Jesus Christ showed me.
Moreover I will be careful to ensure that you always have a reminder of these things after my decease.
The word exodus speaks of physical death (Jesus and Peter). This embodies Exodus’s theme of redemption, because redemption is accomplished only through Christ’s death.
the Latin title is Liber Exodus, “Book of Departure,” taken from the Greek title.